In the 1st new K4D lead article “Technology options for small-scale processing of milk, yoghurt and cheese”, Peter Fellows, Midway Associates, Derby, UK, calls upon universities and bureaus of standards in developing countries to support small and medium-scale dairy enterprises. SME development is one possible route to ensuring increased income for farmers and farm families and should be considered as a strategy for attaining food and nutrition security goals.
In the 2nd new K4D lead article on “Intellectual property, traditional knowledge and food security in Pacific Island countries” Professor Sue Farran, University of Northumbria, UK, argues for greater attention to be paid when applying Western intellectual property regimes (IPR) for facilitating international trade for development and to avoid ignoring traditional knowledge and practises which have ensured food security for local populations. Such an approach has serious implications for food security in Pacific Island Countries which have a rich heritage of trading plants as part of their food production systems.
The CTA international Forum and Cross-Learning writeshop for the CTA Top 20 innovators/case owners were very successful. The international forum highlighted several issues including; (i) the need for food and nutrition security to be seen as a national security and governance issue, (ii) the limitations to commercializing research outputs when the infrastructure such as laboratories, IPR and standards do not exist; and (iii) the need for process and product innovations for improving responsiveness to food crises and for considering the mechanization and education value chains for improving the food and nutrition situation. The CTA Top 20 innovations clearly demonstrated that: (i) there is need to explore novel pathways for innovation in agriculture; (ii) many of the innovations unearthed by CTA can be up- and out-scaled and (iii) universities can find new opportunities for research and teaching by paying attention to the local innovations that are benefitting small holder farmers.
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