Knowledge for Development

Related developments

Tropical Food Machinery

The company manufactures plants for tropical fruit industrialization for the production of several finished product as nectars; whole juices, concentrates, puree, crushed, canned fruit in syrup or juice, candied fruit, oils, natural and concentrated milk, flakes, flours and animal feeds.


International Tropical Fruits Network

International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet) is an independent and self-financing global network set up under the auspices of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It is both intergovernmental and interinstitutional in nature. Its mandate and role is to promote sustainable development of the tropical fruit industry globally in relation to production, post-harvest handling, processing, marketing, consumption and international trade.


Australian Tropical Fruits Portal

The Australian Tropical Fruits Portal gives access to information about the main tropical and exotic fruit types including characteristics, taste, buying and storing, preparation and serving, and variety details; and links to websites operated by industry associations and commercial businesses associated with those fruits.



As an association of associations, the South African Subtropical Growers’ Association (Subtrop) manages the affairs of the South African Avocado, Mango, Macadamia and Litchi Growers’ Associations. The Subtrop board guides and oversees the activities of Subtrop to ensure efficient input cooperation and cost effective services and functions. The aim of Subtrop is to improve the profitability of each individual farmer and to sustain the viability of growing subtropical fruit in South Africa. Subtrop is responsible for general and financial administration of the individual growers’ associations, with its key objectives to provide member associations with the service they require, as well as to provide leadership and innovation to assist growers to improve their competitiveness and profitability.


SOFRI – Southern Fruits Research Institute

This website describes the activities of the the Southern Fruit Research Institute (SOFRI). SOFRI was joined to Vietnam Academy? of Agricultural Science (VAAS) on 1st January 2010. It is located at Long Dinh commune. Its Research and development targets are to improve fruit cultivars for better yield, and high quality for local consumption, processing and export, to improve technology of fruit tree propagation, farming, as well as protection for high yield and quality fruit products, to develop farmer-oriented handling, processing and marketing techniques for fruit products and to consult and train individuals on various fruit technologies.


USDA Agricultural Research Service

The mission of the Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research Unit is to develop pre and postharvest technologies and management strategies for invasive (and quarantine) pests, and to open and maintain market access and improved quality of tropical fruit, vegetable and ornamental crops grown in the Pacific Basin.


Mango World Magazine

This magazine and blog covers major developments in mango processing technology.


Practitioner Hub

This website gives details of Malawi Mangoes (MM), and its plan to implement the first large scale fruit processing facility in Malawi. A processing plant, powered by solar and biomass / biogas, will be constructed to convert the fruit into concentrate and pureé that will then be exported, primarily to African, Western and Asian beverage and retail markets.


Caribbean Agribusiness

This site gives a summary of the opportunities for developing industries associated with tropical fruits in the Caribbean, including processing.


Co-innovation for Quality in African Food Chains

This website covers innovations in African food chains, including processing and marketing of pineapple – a case study on quality performance in the pineapple chain in Benin. Firstly, a marketing research was implemented in order to evaluate the adaptability of Beninese marketing systems to pineapple processing activity which also helps to design the preferences of the different actors along the chain. Secondly, the quality of the pasteurized pineapple juice will be investigated. The effect of the quality of fresh pineapple and the process techniques will be studied in order to obtain insights on how to improve the pineapple juice, taking into account the capability of small processors.


Food Science

This Web site is created by Food Scientists as a mechanism to distribute information, ideas and facts on the general topic of Food Science, and includes details on processing of mango and pineapple.


Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers

The advancement of Hawaii's tropical fruit industry through research is the objective of Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers. HTFG funds and participates in studies to improve cultural practices and postharvest treatments. Research recently completed includes development of value-added products from off-grade tropical fruit. The annual International Tropical Fruit Conference each autumn serves as the focal point of information dissemination and training for the industry. The far-reaching and timely topics highlight new research, industry news, and trends. Featured speakers are tropical fruit experts from around the world. Papers from the conferences are available on the website.


Global Horticulture Initiative

The Global Horticulture Initiative is a worldwide programme intended to foster more efficient and effective partnerships and collective action among the stakeholders. To be efficient, it is organized in a consortium, a group of a limited number of national and international institutions formally organized to collaborate in research, training, and technology-generating activities designed to meet mutually-agreed-upon objectives. The GHI has a network community focused on tropical fruits.


International Society for Horticultural Science

The International Society for Horticultural Science has a section on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, which includes access to the Tropical and Subtropical Fruits Newsletter.


Cashing in on Jamaica’s ackee industry

Machel A. Emanuel, a scientist from Jamaica, writes for The Analyst about the promising commercial potential of the rare fatty palmitoleic acid, also known as omega-7 fatty acid. This compound is found in low concentration in the arils of the ackee (it is also present in macadamina nuts). It is believed to have potent antiviral, antibacterial and healing effects in the human body. Emanuel believes there are great avenues for alternative product derived from the ackee fruit, thought he also thinks the canning industry has to be improved too (refer to his recent article on ackee processing on the Knowledge for development website, here.)  (The Analyst, Vol.1, No. 3, 12/2012)


A new approach to accelerate value addition in Africa

This article looks into why so many countries in Africa have to import agricultural products, mostly processed, while the same countries actually supply surplus quantities of the raw materials that are processed elsewhere. It explains how policy reforms would need to focus first on regional urban markets and demand to successfully tackle this aberration. The author calls for innovation and growth at the processing segment of the value chain: infrastructure, processing and packaging for local distribution, more consistent quantity and quality of raw agricultural products. It also discusses the role of the Agribusiness Innovation Centres (AICs) set up by the World Bank, that provide growth-oriented entrepreneurs with a holistic service offering. (This Is Africa, 8/01/2013)


Six innovations revolutionizing farming

In 1798, economist Thomas Malthus predicted that the world would exceed its food supply by the late 20th century. While he was right to identify the challenges of feeding a growing population with a finite amount of land, in the last half century agricultural production has tripled. Innovations in farming technology made this possible, in particular on smallholding farms. The Guardian newspaper crowd-sourced the science community to identify the innovations that have made a difference and found that the following technologies are driving the increase in agricultural productivity: dairy hubs, deep placement of fertilizers, mobile apps, high roofed greenhouses, new feeding systems for farm animals and farm management software and training.    (The Guardian, 8/07/2014)


Using the concepts of resilience, vulnerability and adaptability for the assessment and of agricultural systems

There is clear conceptual overlap and often the inter-changeable use of; resilience, vulnerability and adaptability, which have emerged as the dominant concepts in the study of disturbance and change of social-ecological systems. The authors, Daniel Callo-Concha, of the Centre for Development Research, at the University of Bonn (ZEF), Germany and colleagues, argue that the driving methodological and operational criteria for their application cannot be unambiguously separated. They believe it is difficult to identify guiding principles for the operational application of each and stress that their operationalisation require consistency in approaches and protocols to ensure their coherent use. They conclude that the conceptual and operational integration of resilience, vulnerability and adaptability would perhaps lead to a more complete portrayal of the behaviour of agricultural systems in changing situations.   (ZEF, 01/03/2014)


Innovation and Inclusive Development

By Lynn Mytelka, Professorial Fellow, UNU-MERIT, France   While many small changes that collectively modify products and processes may open up opportunities for including smallholders in the innovation process, Lynn Mytelka anticipates that there are challenges in developing capabilities, strengthening linkages and building a support infrastructure at the local level.