Knowledge for Development

Smallholder family poultry as a tool to initiate rural development


Date: 15/10/2012


F. Sonaiya

From the Conference: Poultry in the 21st Century. Bangkok 5-7, November, 2007.

There are various models of the use of Smallholder family poultry (SFP)  as a tool for development. Examples of scavenging models tested over several years are the Smallholder Semi-Scavenging Poultry Model in Bangladesh and the Projet pour le Développement d’Aviculture Villageois in Burkina Faso. An example of a small-scale intensive model is the Nigerian Union of Local Government Employees model, which has been tested for only a short period. The carrying capacity of the range, concerns about food safety, HPAI, and the policies of governments and institutions are threats to SFP. Reports show that the realization of SFP as a tool for poverty allevia­tion and social development brought forth innovative and supportive policies from governments and international development institutions. While all four FAO-defined poultry systems can co-exist within the same locality and remain viable, SFP is the most pro-poor option. The need for training is widespread: from government officials through service suppliers, NGO officials, smallhold­ers, intermediaries and consumers, and it must be sustained in quantity and qual­ity through the use of information and communication technology to record, store and reproduce or remotely offer training modules. Such a training tool kit is an international public good that is the responsibility of various international organizations and governments.

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