For clarity, and to make the distinction between government and governance, Mugabe identifies three key principles that underlie good governance and institutions: participation, accountability and transparency. The rule of law is at the core. Mugabe also distinguishes between politics and policy making and elaborates on two aspects of STI policy making: policy for STI (e.g. funding, and the pursuit, application, diffusion and adoption of knowledge) and STI for policy (use, organization and application of knowledge to improve decision making). Mugabe proposes a framework as well as indicator areas for the three elements of good governance and recommends that the framework be tested through a series of case studies.