Knowledge for Development

S&T Organisations / Web resources

Caribbean: Analysis of farming systems Latin America and Caribbean

Due to its enormous latitudinal range, varied topography and rich biodiversity, Latin America and the Caribbean have one of the most diverse and complex range of farming systems of any region in the world. Sixteen major systems have been defined and are briefly described in the document found under this link.  


Pacific: Analysis of farming systems East Asia and Pacific

Eleven broad farming systems have been identified and are described.


Pacific: Coconut-based Farming Systems in the Pacific

Chapter 12 of Modern Coconut Management; palm cultivation and products which was written by Ohler J.G. and of which the EcoPort version was made by Peter Griffee describes coconut-based farming system (CBFS) practised by coconut growing traditional farmers. Farming systems are fundamental to agriculture. All farmers practise some kind of system where inputs and associated materials are transformed into output. A farming system is an interactive practice involving inputs and the environment in which crops and livestock are produced. The production alternatives can take the form of a single intercrop, a mixture of crops, or a crop/livestock combination which are compatible with each other and other environmental factors. One of the most common farming systems practised by coconut growing traditional farmers is the coconut-based farming system (CBFS). This is a multiple cropping or crop/livestock production system aimed at maximizing and/or complementing the benefits that can be derived from land under coconut. (Author: Fred Opio)


Caribbean: Farm Planning and Management for Trainers of Extension Workers in the Caribbean

The Farm Planning and Management Training Manual addresses the current challenges facing small-scale farmers in the region, their need for a market-oriented approach to farming and the development of management skills to enhance their competitiveness in both domestic and global markets. Downloadable as PDF from this website.  


New centre to boost knowledge on underutilised crops

An international body for gathering and promoting knowledge about underused crops is to be established in Malaysia. Crops for the Future will encourage investment and research into neglected and underused plant species — such as Africa's baobab and marula trees — for the benefit of the poor and the environment (Source: Brendan O'Malley, SciDev, 26 November 2008).


Sustainable Agriculture Initiative (SAI) Platform

Food industries are the biggest purchasers of agricultural raw materials. In order to rely on a constant, increasing and safe supply of agricultural raw materials, these must be grown in a sustainable manner. In 2002 Nestlé, Unilever and Danone created the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative (SAI) Platform, a non-profit organization to facilitate sharing, at precompetitive level, of knowledge and initiatives to support the development and implementation of sustainable agriculture practices involving the different stakeholders of the food chain. The SAI Platform today counts over 30 members, which actively share the same view on sustainable agriculture seen as a 'productive, competitive and efficient way to produce agricultural products, while at the same time protecting and improving the natural environment and social/economic conditions of local communities'. Among the latest services and deliverables produced, the SAI Platform published Principles and practices for the sustainable production of arable and vegetable crops, Principles and Practices for the sustainable production of Coffee, Fruit and Dairy; a Benchmark Study of Agriculture Standards and a Short Guide to Sustainable Agriculture.