Knowledge for Development

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Applied Philosophy Group - Wageningen University and Research Centre

At Wageningen University, philosophy is focused on ethical and epistemic issues involved in the relationship of humans with nature, animals, food, and agriculture. In general, philosophy is the discipline that teaches you to think and reason clearly, to grasp very complex issues, to look beyond your own horizon, and connect you with important themes and authors that have inspired many scientists.

28/07/2008


Centre for Applied Bioethics

Research activities within the Centre for Applied Bioethics (CAB) focus on the ethical analysis of the application of biological knowledge and practice, pre-eminently biotechnology, to food production, and industrial and medical use of animals (e.g. in providing organ transplants for human patients). Animal bioethics, in particular relating to the development and use of animal biotechnologies, is a key research area within CAB. The importance of applied bioethics as a teaching priority and research need, results from increasing public awareness and concern over issues such as: animal welfare; food safety; rapid pace of developments in biotechnology and the management of associated risks; environmental degradation and pollution; global population trends and malnutrition; and limitations on global energy supplies. Appropriate application of biological knowledge and techniques requires systematic consideration of such concerns in order to contribute to private and public decision-making, public understanding and to facilitate resolution of perceived ethical dilemmas.

28/07/2008


Food Ethics Council

The Food Ethics Council (UK) works as an independent think tank and advisory body, challenging government, business and the public on ethical issues and championing better decision-making. The Council focuses on how choices are made about difficult problems and emerging controversies. Its work has spanned genetically modified foods, drug use in farm animals, public involvement in science, functional foods, gene-tailored diets, patents and poverty, farm subsidies and food transport.

28/07/2008


Institute for Food and Agricultural Standards (IFAS)

The Institute for Food and Agricultural Standards (IFAS) focuses on the social, economic, political and ethical aspects of grades and standards creation, enforcement and review. IFAS is an interdisciplinary teaching, research and policy analysis institute at Michigan State University, USA. It is part of a small but growing international network of scholars and practitioners concerned with these issues.

28/07/2008


Centre for Society and Genomics

Understanding and improving the interaction between society and genomics, that is the mission of the Centre for Society and Genomics (CSG). CSG research projects are carried out at many universities in the Netherlands and include a variety of disciplines (e.g. philosophy, sociology, STS, ethics and social psychology). All projects combine research with innovative methods of societal interaction and foster collaboration with genomics scientists, policy-makers and stakeholders.

28/07/2008


Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics

The Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics presents articles on ethical issues confronting agriculture, food production and environmental concerns. The goal of this journal is to create a forum for discussion of moral issues arising from actual or projected social policies in regard to a wide range of questions. Among these are ethical questions concerning the responsibilities of agricultural producers, the assessment of technological changes affecting farm populations, the utilization of farmland and other resources, the deployment of intensive agriculture, the modification of ecosystems, animal welfare, the professional responsibilities of agrologists, veterinarians, or food scientists, the use of biotechnology, the safety, availability, and affordability of food.

28/07/2008


Programme for Traditional Resource Rights

The Programme for Traditional Resource Rights, a network affiliated with - and based at – the Oxford Centre for the Environment, Ethics and Society, University of Oxford (UK) is dedicated to furthering the rights of all 'indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles' (as identified in the Preamble to the Convention on Biological Diversity). By acting as a base for information, research and publicity the Programme aims to extend to indigenous peoples and local communities knowledge of appropriate mechanisms for protecting the integrity of their knowledge and resources.

28/07/2008


RESPECT project

The RESPECT project was funded by the European Commission to draw up professional and ethical guidelines for the conduct of socio-economic research. The RESPECT guidelines are intended to form the basis of a voluntary code of practice covering the conduct of socio-economic research in Europe. The guidelines are based on three main principles: Upholding scientific standards; Compliance with the law; Avoidance of social and personal harm. The purpose of the RESPECT code is not to create new requirements or restrictions on the conduct of research, but to protect researchers from unprofessional or unethical demands and to raise awareness of ethical issues and spread existing professional good practice, enabling the development of a European Research Area with common standards that are transparent and universally agreed. Such common standards are a prerequisite for the development of a European market in socio-economic research, in which research can be commissioned and partnerships entered into on the basis of clear mutual understandings and expectations.

28/07/2008