2nd prize CTA / ATPS Essay Competition - Muthoka Christine Ndunge, University of Nairobi, Kenya
Most of the countries in Africa, especially those in the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region, are experiencing profound socio-economic and political problems. These include unemployment, food insecurity, and disruptive conflicts. The high rate of population growth, relative to the growth of the economies, presents many challenges for the national governments. The challenges are not only the conservation and management of the environment as a result of loss of the productive capacity of soils and deforestation, but also pressing socio-economic issues such as inadequate health and education services and high unemployment.