Knowledge for Development

Feature articles

Approaches and frameworks for management and research in small-scale fisheries in the developing world

Commonly adopted approaches to managing small-scale fisheries (SSFs) in developing countries do not ensure sustainability. Progress is impeded by a gap between innovative SSF research and slower-moving SSF management. The paper aims to bridge the gap by showing that the three primary bases of SSF management—ecosystem, stakeholders’ rights and resilience—are mutually consistent and complementary. It nominates the ecosystem approach as an appropriate starting point because it is established in national and international law and policy. Within this approach, the emerging resilience perspective and associated concepts of adaptive management and institutional learning can move management beyond traditional control and resource-use optimization, which largely ignore the different expectations of stakeholders; the complexity of ecosystem dynamics; and how ecological, social, political and economic subsystems are linked. Integrating a rightsbased perspective helps balance the ecological bias of ecosystem-based and resilience approaches. The paper introduces three management implementation frameworks that can lend structure and order to research and management regardless of the management approach chosen. Finally, it outlines possible research approaches to overcome the heretofore limited capacity of fishery research to integrate across ecological, social and economic dimensions and so better serve the management objective of avoiding fishery failure by nurturing and preserving the ecological, social and institutional attributes that enable it to renew and reorganize itself.Read the online pdf.


Blue carbon - The role of healthy oceans in binding carbon

This new Rapid Response Assessment report was released on the 14th of October 2009 at the Diversitas Conference in Cape Town, South Africa. The objective of this report is to highlight the critical role of the oceans and ocean ecosystems in maintaining our climate and in assisting policy makers to mainstream an oceans agenda into national and international climate change initiatives. While emissions’ reductions are currently at the centre of the climate change discussions, the critical role of the oceans and ocean ecosystems has been vastly overlooked.Authors: C. Nelleman, et. al. (eds.), UNEP, FAO, IOC/UNESCO, October 2009


Climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture

An overview of the current scientific knowledge available on climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture is provided in this publication through three technical papers that were presented and discussed during the expert workshop on Climate Change Implications for Fisheries and Aquaculture. A summary of the workshop outcomes as well as key messages on impacts of climate change on aquatic ecosystems and on fisheries- and aquaculture-based livelihoods are provided in the introduction of this technical paper. The first paper reviews the physical and ecological impacts of climate change relevant to marine and inland capture fisheries and aquaculture, the second paper tackles the consequences of climate change impacts on fisheries and their dependent communities and the third paper addresses the impacts of climate change on aquaculture.Editors: Chochrane, K., De Young, C., Soto, D., Bahri, T. FAO, 2009


From hook to plate: the state of marine fisheries – A Commonwealth perspective

Experts here describe the findings from a two year Commonwealth Fisheries Programme of which this book is a product. They include the impact of the WTO and its negotiations over fishing subsidies; the effect of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea on fisheries management; the role of sustainability certification for consumers in protecting stocks; the significance of marine fisheries for protein intake and food security, especially in developing countries; management cooperation and the impact of traditional law on Pacific fisheries; the scale of IUU fishing, especially off the African coast, and the measures used to combat it; regional management in the Caribbean and the impact of climate change on Caribbean fisheries; the scope and value of marine protected areas, promoted by the World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002; the scale of depletion, both worldwide and within the waters of Commonwealth states; the case for a rights-based management strategy; and the potential role of the Commonwealth of Nations. The editors and authors hope that this report, in demonstrating the wide-reaching importance and vulnerability of marine capture fisheries and the urgency of corrective measures, will stimulate the leaders of Commonwealth governments, who meet in Trinidad and Tobago in November 2009, to commit to further concerted and determined action.Authors: R. Bourne & M. Collins (eds.), Commonwealth Foundation, 2009


Safeguarding the ACP Fisheries Resources (ACP Policy Brief)

This policy brief aims at mobilizing the ACP scientific community to provide knowledge-based leadership to safeguard and rebuild this vital resource for food and nutrition security and economic growth. ACP policy makers and regional and international donors are encouraged to increase investment to build the requisite ST&I capacity in ACP States.


Demanding Innovation in African Fisheries and Aquaculture

In Africa, the fish sector makes a vital contribution to meeting the food and nutrition security needs of 200 million Africans and provides income for over 10 million engaged in the production, processing and trade in this industry (see tables 1 and 2). Moreover, fish has become a leading export commodity, with an annual export value of US$ 2.7bn (1).


Tuna, coastal fisheries, beche-de-mer and aquaculture development in the Western and Central Pacific: current issues and future needs

This article gives a personal overview of the current status of tuna, coastal fisheries, beche-de-mer (BDM) and aquaculture in the Western and Central Pacific. It highlights issues associated with the sustainable management of resources at a scientific and at a policy level. Recommendations are made for a fisheries/tuna research centre, more effective management of coastal fisheries, and better planning for aquaculture development.